Pakistan being the sixth most populous country , stands at a crucial juncture in a face of climate change. The increased human-induced activities of our time have exacerbated issue. With its warmer temperatures, Pakistan is highly susceptible, to the effects of climate change. Its geographical positioning makes it vulnerable to natural disasters such as earthquakes, droughts and floods. Given the nation’s socio-economic challenges and its rank as 37th out of 191 in vulnerabilities it faces compounded risks.

In August 2022, the country faced severe flash floods affecting around 33 million people, with nearly 7.9 million displaced since June. These floods impacted about 15% of Pakistan’s populace. According to the UN, one in every seven Pakistanis suffered due to these unprecedented floods and heavy rainfalls. The Pakistan Meteorological Department stated that recovery from such a massive catastrophe might take years.

By 2023, the repercussions of climate change had not been fully addressed, suggesting that the upcoming Monsoon season could pose more challenges. Moreover, in 2022, extreme heatwaves significantly affected the way of life for many, resulting in over 1,700 deaths and displacing over 8 million people. These calamities serve as a crucial reminder of the need for urgent climate resilience initiatives.

Post these climatic events in Pakistan and other similarly affected nations, the COP26 meeting was held in Glasgow to expedite climate change action. The concerns raised COP26 led to the creation of a strategy to enhance preparedness against climate change’s escalating effects. To counter the increasing threats of climate-related disrup- tions, there’s a pressing need for effective adaptation measures.


Pakistan’s experience serves as a sobering reminder of the real and immediate consequences of climate change. The country’s efforts to tackle flash floods, glacier melts, and other climate-related disasters exemplify the need for urgent and coordinated global action. As the front line of climate change impacts, Pakistan’s struggle underscores the interconnectedness of the world’s efforts to curb global warming and protect vulnerable communities.

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